Archives of the Church of Uganda Online

Archives of the Church of Uganda Online
Archives of the Church of Uganda Online

The records in this collection document the history of the Church of the Province of Uganda, including some of the first written documents about and originating from Uganda. It covers the period from the arrival of the first Church Missionary Society missionaries at King Mutesa's court (1877) to the early 1980s. Contents of the collection include legal and administrative documents, correspondence, publications, personal records and more from the Offices of the Archbishops and Bishops of Uganda, the Education Secretary General, the General, Financial, and Provincial Secretaries, the Provincial Treasurer, and the Mother’s Union.

  • Dates: 1882 until early 1980s
  • Languages used: predominantly English, Bantu languages
  • Location of originals: Uganda Christian University, Mukono

This publication was realized with the support of the Kenneth Scott Latourette Fund, Yale Divinity School Library.

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Historical Note

The Archives of the Church of Uganda are kept at Uganda Christian University,Mukono. The records in this collection document the history of the Church ofthe Province of Uganda.

Christianity came to Uganda relatively late compared to many other parts of Africa. The first Church Missionary Society missionaries arrived at King Mutesa's court on 30June 1877, seventy-eight years after the founding of the Church Missionary Society in Great Britain. However, within eight decades, after having passed through much persecution, Uganda had become one of the most successful mission fields in the world. By 1914, through its indigenous teachers and a few European missionaries, nearly the whole of present-day Uganda had already been evangelized. In 1961 the growth of the Church of Uganda was recognized in the Anglican Communion with the establishment of the Church of the Province of Uganda, Rwanda-Burundi and Boga-Zaire.

 This collection is an important source not only for the history of Christianity in Uganda, but also for the political and social development of the country, both before and after its independence.

Content of the collection

1. Office of the Bishop of Uganda – (1882-1961).

These records trace the development of the Church Missionary Society (CMS) Uganda Mission and the Native Anglican Church (NAC) in Uganda, including the Uganda Diocese and the Diocese of the Upper Nile.

2. Education Secretary General – (1936-1964).

These records document the development and operations of the CMS/NAC schools, their governing bodies, and their interaction with the Uganda Protectorate Education Department which regulated education within Uganda.

3. General Secretary – (1924-1963).

The General Secretary served as administrator for the Bishop, so the records in this group are complementary to those found in the Office of the Bishop of Uganda and Education Secretary General. The CMS/NAC General Secretary also served as the Archdeacon of the Uganda Diocese.

4. Financial Secretary – (1929-1963).

5. Archbishop's Office – (1960-1993).

The Archbishop's Office replaced the Bishop's Office when the Church of the Province of Uganda was established in 1961. The Diocese's structure changed during the transition from the Native Anglican Church to the Church of Uganda (COU) but many programs continued.

6. Provincial Secretary – (1960-1995).

The Provincial Secretary replaced the General Secretary when the Church of the Province of Uganda was established in 1961. These records are complementary to the Archbishop's Office records in the Archbishop's Office.

7. Mother’s Union (1960-1991).

This collection contains all files related to Women’s work and Women’s Organizations.

8. Provincial Treasurer (1960-1991).

This eighth collection contains the files of the Provincial Treasurer as well as correspondence with the provinces of Uganda and with related organizations such as the WCC and Missionary Societies.


Searching this collection

The documents in this collections were scanned at the Uganda Christian University in Mukono, Uganda in the period 2007 – 2009. Initial objective of the project was to prepare a long-term preservation copy on 35mm microfilm, which has been completed. Positive copies of these microfilms are available from Brill. This online publication gives access to the original scans that were made. Where possible, OCR has been applied to enable full text searching. OCR of handwritten documents was not possible. Especially because of the limited metadata, the full text search is an important addition, even if the document is typed in the Bantu language.

As with many archival collection the available metadata is limited to the brief description of boxes and folders. The folder information has been copied into the title field of the online publication (and in the corresponding MARC records). Box information with a reference to the section of the archive can be found in the Reference field. Title and section information is also available on the first page of each folder. Main sections in the collection are:


Cite this page

Archives of the Church of Uganda Online, advisor: Uganda Christian University, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2013 <>